It was another great day for www.turtlewatchcamp.org today as the team here at TWC witnessed the magical release of over 100 healthy baby hawksbills sea turtles. Since i have been working so close with sea turtles for some time now my respect for them has grown immensely. In the past i have seen over 15 sea turtles in one single dive before and thought is was really cool but never really appreciated it like i do now. Its such a more deep and meaningful feeling now knowing more about their life cycle and fighting for their survival as a species.
Hawksbill turtles are found throughout the tropical waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. They avoid deep waters, preferring coastlines where sponges are abundant and sandy nesting sites are within reach.
Not particularly large compared with other sea turtles, hawksbills grow up to about 120 centimeters in shell length and 70 kilograms in weight. While young, their carapace, or upper shell, is heart-shaped, and as they mature it elongates. Their strikingly colored carapace is serrated and has overlapping scutes, or thick bony plates. Their tapered heads end in a sharp point resembling a bird’s beak, hence their name. A further distinctive feature is a pair of claws adorning each flipper. Male hawksbills have longer claws, thicker tails, and somewhat brighter coloring than females.
They are normally found near reefs rich in the sponges they like to feed on. Hawksbills are omnivorous and will also eat mollusks, marine algae, crustaceans, sea urchins, fish, and jellyfish. Their hard shells protect them from many predators, but they still fall prey to large fish, sharks, crocodiles, octopuses, and humans.
Like other sea turtles, hawksbills make incredible migrations in order to move from feeding sites to nesting grounds, normally on tropical beaches. Mating occurs every two to three years and normally takes place in shallow waters close to the shore. The nesting procedure begins when the turtles leave the sea to choose an area to lay their eggs. A pit is dug in the sand, filled with eggs, and then covered. At this stage the turtles retreat to the sea, leaving the eggs, which will hatch in about 60 days. The most dangerous time of their lives comes when hatchlings make the journey from their nests to the sea. Crabs and flocks of gulls voraciously prey on the young turtles during this short scamper.
Like many sea turtles, hawksbills are a critically endangered species due mostly to human
impact. Hawksbill eggs are still eaten around the world despite the turtle’s international
protected status, and they are often killed for their flesh and their stunning shells. These
graceful sea turtles are also threatened by accidental capture in fishing nets. If you wish to
find out more about sea turtles please check out www.turtlewatchcamp.org